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Geology is the study of the Earth. It includes various type of details like earth materials, features, history, and processes affecting earth.
Geology is used for minerals and natural resources (like oil, gas, water) exploration, It helps understand and predict natural hazards such as landslides, earthquakes, floods and volcanic eruptions. Geologists study history of earth, how processes and events changed earth, and their future possibilities.
Career opportunities exist in various settings such as government organisations and agencies, natural resource companies, environmental consultancies.
Geology has several areas of specilisations such as paleontology, hydrology, volcanology, glaciology, geochemistry, geophysics, meteorology, mineralogy, oceanography.
The Union Public Service Commission conducts a competitive examination for employment of geologists in Government organisations including Geological Survey of India, Central Ground Water Board.