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Information Technology

Information Technology deals with managing and processing information through computer hardware, software, networking and other technologies with a goal to design, store, process, transmit and protect information.

The impact of Information Technology has touched everyone - industries, governments, academic institutions, businesses,  financial institutions, etc. and has changed working systems and procedures of them. Governments have entered into e – governance era, business related information are being stored and communicated in electronic format, even libraries have changed their information systems. The technology has changed the whole procedure of collection and dissemination of information and knowledge.

IT covers many areas:
- Computer Hardware
- Database Management
- Software Analysis And Design
- Computer Networks

Some related job options:
- Software Engineer
- Computer Programmer
- Database Specialists/ Administrator
- Network Specialists/ Administrator
- System Analyst
- Programmer Assistant/ Junior Programmer
-
EDP Manager/ Officer
- EDP Assistant
- Assistant Database Manager
- Computer Faculty/
Computer Trainers
- Lab-In-charge
- Project Manager
- System Manager
- Consultant
- Computer Maintenance Engineers/Technicians
- Computer Operator
- DTP

Other than IT and software industry, an IT or computer profesional can find good job prospects in other sectors:
Finance & Accounts - Computerised accounts handling, inventory, payroll, shares, Income tax, etc.
Media & Publishing - Graphics, animation, editing, etc.

Courses:
Certificate Course (1 year)
Diploma Course (3 years)
Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Application (PGDCA) (1 year)
B.Sc. Computer Science or IT or Computer Application, B.I.T. (3 years)
M.Sc. (Computer Science) or (IT) or (Computer Application) (2 years)
B.C.A. / M.C.A. (3 years)
B.E. / B.Tech. (Com.Sci./IT) (4 years)
M.E. / M.Tech. (Computer Science/IT) (2 years)

Remuneration of IT professionals varies from company to company and experience level. In big and reputed companies, good and experienced candidates are paid good salaries whereas inexperienced and beginners get low salaries specially in small companies.





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